So here we are in our Route Redistribution Lab and this is our, our basic lab. As with all of my basic labs, this lab doesn't really have any objectives other than make it work on the most basic level possible. And again this GNS3 topology is available as part of the Work Files for this course and as with all of my other labs I'm using 3600 series routers, configured with the network that you see here. Now on the left side of our topology here, we have EIGRP Autonomous System 1200. On the other side we have OSPF, this is all a single OSPF area, so it's Area 0 obviously and I've taken care of setting up all of the basic routing protocols, for example, if we go to Router 5, we do Show IP Route, we see all of the routes in the right hand side of the network advertised through OSPF. Same thing if I were to go to Router 1 for example and do Show IP Route on this guy, we'll see all of the networks on the left hand side of the diagram advertised via EIGRP. Now Router 3 is right here in the middle and it has a Serial Interface into both sides of the network. This could just easily have been Ethernet Interfaces, I, I just chose Aerial because that's happened to be the tool that I had, I had selected when I set up the lab and really the only requirement is that you can't do Redistribution on the same interface and you can, it just get's kind of tricky. You run into some, into some weird timing issues and you could potentially run into a, a Bandwidth issue. In our Redistribution lab we always have our Redistribution routers set up with one interface in each area and so the packets actually traverse the router to get from one routing domain into another. So if we go to Router 3 for example, he is actually a member of both of these routing domains, so if we do Show IP Route, he knows all of the OSPF routes and all of the EIGRP routes and if you look at the Administrative Distances, you can see that this router believes the EIGRP routes more than it does the OSPF routes. The OSPFs Administrative Distance is 110 where as EIGRPs is 90. And you can tell the EIGRP routes from the OSPF route because the EIGRP routes have this huge Metric, that's right here. Whereas the OSPF just has the cost here, 129, 65 et cetera, et cetera. So again all this is taken care of for you in the lab, just because I didn't want you to have to worry about setting all this up, I wanted you to be able to concentrate on the commands necessary to Redistribute the routing protocols between the two routing domains. So let's jump into Route Redistribution. The first thing we're going to do, is we're going to Redistribute our EIGRP routes into OSPF because in, that is the simplest of the Redistribution tasks we have in, in place. So we're going to Redistribute all of the routes from the left hand side of the network into the right hand side of the network. So we'll go in our little bridge router here, Router 3 We'll go into Config T and we will go into the Routing Process for the routing protocol we're Redistributing into. In this case, since we are Redistributing into OSPF, we will go into Router OSPF 1. Now the command you'll use is Redistribute, big surprise there and we'll hit Question Mark and look at some of the options available to use. We can Redistribute BGP into OSPF, we can Redistribute all of our connected networks, all of static routes, we can Redistribute IS-IS which thankfully that's not part of the CCNP curriculum anymore. In this case, we're Redistributing EIGRP routes into OSPF. So Redistribute EIGRP and if we hit Question Mark we have to give it an Autonomous System number, in this case we're Redistributing EIGRP Autonomous System 1200 into OSPF and from here we can specify the Metric, the Metric Type, the Route Maps. The one command you'll almost always want to use is Subnets. Now for the time being we'll just leave this command off just to see what happens. I can tell you it, it won't be anything useful, I can tell you that. Only Classful Networks will distributed, that means, well we're going to Redistribute from EIGRP, 10.0.0.0 into OSPF. Well that's not useful because we've got ten networks over here on the right hand side. So let's go over here to Router 4 and look at that guy's Routing Table for example. If we do Show IP Route, oop, you can see we're just not getting any routes at all because this router says I know you're advertising to me a 10.0 network, however I've got more specific routes to that network so just, just go away, I'm, I'm not going to believe you, you are trying to lead me down the wrong path. And again a lot of people that try Redistribution for the first time, they see that command, oh Redistribute, yeah EIGRP 1200 Subnets, well of course it's going to Redistribute Subnets, well, that's the probably the default, don't even need to specify it. They hit Enter, just ignore the message that it gives there or don't really understand what the message is saying and then wonder, well why, what happened to my routes? Why aren't they there? Well, let's go back to Router 3, we'll hit Up Arrow and we'll do Subnets and we'll talk a little about these Metric and Metric type Commands. We'll leave Route Map and Tag for the advanced Redistribution lab. The Metric is where you can specify the default OSPF Metric as it's being introduced into the OSPF routing domain. Now we'll go back to Router 1 for example, there is, well that's a bad example. We'll go to Router 4 because that's one of the ones for OSPF. The default Metric in this case is 65 or 128, it's, it's just a sum of all the bandwidths basically. If you wanted to, you could say I want to advertise this route into OSPF with a Metric of one which means you'll always prefer these routes, if you're in a position where you can see them. We'll talk about these other commands in the next video.
|Course:||Implementing Cisco IP Routing (642-902 ROUTE)|
|Duration:||10 hrs / 105 lessons|
|Captions:||Available on CD and Online University|
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