In Photoshop you are going to find the same amount of tools to edit your type as you would in a dedicated desktop publishing application or a word processor such as Microsoft Word. And if you don't see the character and paragraph just go to the window menu and then you can find that under the character and or the paragraph option. Normally when you choose character the paragraph one follows along so I'm gonna go and grab character and once again its buddy follows it, which is paragraph. Let's start off with the character. The first thing we can do of course is double click on our type in the layer and then we can change the font. So I can change to future or anything I like. Once I change the font family I can then choose a style such as a medium or a bold or whatever. So I'm going to go ahead and just choose medium. After that what I can do is then the size of the font, I can either scrub this here or I can type in this field or I can go to the drop down list to choose a number from this list so I'll go with 30. What I can also do is work with what is known at letting, letting is the spacing in between lines of type or sentences. Normally the rule works as following, the size of your type should have two points added to it as far as letting so since my font is 30 point my letting should be 32 point. And I worked for a couple of magazines and newspapers and that was pretty much the rule that we followed. I'm gonna double click once again to select my type here and we're gonna talk about this guy. This right here is called kerning; kerning will allow you to change the spacing in between two characters, for example, the w and the o, the r and the k. Like wise we have what's known as tracking and tracking will change the spacing in between uh entire words. So what we're gonna do is move on down to the next section and here what we can do is work with something called vertical and horizontal scale. I'll scrub this right here to show you that with a vertical scale we are actually stretching our sentences or rather our type and I'm going to put that back on a hundred and I'm gonna move over to the other option which is the horizontal scale, and that stretches the type that way. What we can also do is use this option here which will allow you to change the baseline shift. The baseline is where the type sits on little lines here, so if you need to change that and your publisher wants you to do that make sure that you do that in this dialog here. So you can enter a number such as ten and you can move the baseline up and you can even enter a negative number to move it back down again. I put it on zero. I can also change the color of my type either by choosing the, the swatch here or by double clicking on the T and then choosing the swatch up here in our options bar. Let's go ahead and move on to the next section. I'll grab the uh word Jack and let's talk about faux bold and faux italics. Some type faces don't have a bold or italics option. If that's the case then you can use one of these buttons, push it in and in a moment Photoshop will give you a fake or faux feeling to that as far as bold or italics. Over here we can set everything to be all caps. Let me grab this entire sentence here, we can make it all caps and what we can do by clicking on it again is going back to regular, we can also work with small caps, and once again to turn it off click on the button. We also have the opportunity to work with superscript as well as subscript. Let me give you an example of superscript, I'm pretty sure you've all seen the uh Albert Einstein e equals mc squared well that number two is an example of superscript, where it's uh rising above everything else. Likewise we have subscript which will lower the type. Let me go ahead and put that on the normal and turn that off. We also have the ability to underline text as well as to strike through. Strike through is useful when you're the editor at a magazine and you're trying to tell your writer this is bad get rid of this or to get rid of this all together. So you can just do a whole sentence like this and do a strike through on it and tell them to, to get rid of that. And I can also get the strike through off by simply clicking on the button again. Down here we're able to choose rendering style such as strong, crisp, sharp and you have to experiment with these. These will change the uh power of the text as far as strength so you can have a little bit more readability on the web or on the cd screen and that kind of thing. So you have to just play around to find what works right for the project you're working on. Let's move over to the paragraph tab what we can do here is we can make thing flush left or align left. You can have it align centered and we can flush it or align it right and I'm gonna uh select everything and when I do that you see that I can do the entire sentence or paragraph at one time. We also have the ability to do this with justification. So once again these tools are uh pretty similar to the type of tools you'll find in Microsoft Word and other applications of that type and it can help you to change your spacing and to get the type looking just perfect for the web or for print.
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