Ah yes, Photoshop layers - who could live without Photoshop layers? Well I for one certainly could not. I want to talk about the basic concept of layers and how great they are; and hopefully you will be using them all of the time. First make sure you have the layers' palette up so that you can see how this work for you. Notice that I have my layers palette up on my screen here, and of course this layers palette relates to my current active document which is right here. And notice that I have 3 other layers with pixel data on it floating above my background image. You can think of layers as acetate sheets or glass sheets that you can place pixel data on by copying and pasting from one document into another, or you could simply create a new empty layer and begin painting. So not actually pasting pixel document, we are simply just adding pixel information on our layer here. And the beauty of layers of course is that they allow you to isolate different items from other layers. And with that in mind, we have a whole host of options available to us from the most obvious one of repositioning items on our layer to control our composite image, or collage image. The mover tool is this tool, and you use this tool in combination with selecting or targeting a particular layer to move your pixel data around. And you can see that of course this does not affect any other layer in my document. And this is really the power of layers, is allows you to isolate image elements against relative to other image elements in your document. Now the way to think of your layers palette is that your eyeball, you're looking down from the top of your layers palette all the way through all these layers to the bottom most layer. And if we look at our actual document, this seems to make sense, that I see my blue brush mark is on top of the green triangle and the green triangle is on top of the dandelion which is above the cow and all of these items are above my background image. Notice in the thumbnail previews here that there is a checkerboard background. And where ever you see a checkerboard background, that indicates transparent areas on that layer. And I'll just go ahead and de-click the eyeball, which allows us to view any pixel data on any layer. I'll just de-click the eyeball on the bottom most layer, and you can see that all of these items are of course floating in this transparent background here. So another powerful feature of layers is that you don't have to actually delete the pixel data to not see it, all I need to do is turn the eyeball icon on or off - and this will temporarily show or hide the information on that layer. And as you would suspect, we can reorder the layers. All I need to do is select a layer by clicking on its thumbnail or name, click and drag above or in between to other layers and those layers will be reordered relative to each other. As I mentioned earlier, it's simple enough to get information on a layer - all you need to do is select an area in one image, copy it and go to another image and choose paste - and that pixel data will be added as a new layer. Well this image shows you essentially simple pixel data. So I have my cow image, my triangle, my dandelion. And what I want to point out here is how you can easily target the layer you want to effect - all I need to do is click on its name or thumbnail and that will be the active layer. So if I make any edits now, such as if I chose my brush tool I would be adding a brush mark to my dandelion layer. And you can see that that is the case if I go and try to move it. So undo that and undo again to get back to my unedited dandelion layer. Well I have another document that I created to show you how robust layers are. I'm going to expand my layers palette a bit to talk about some of these other features. Well of course I have simple pixel data such as my green triangle, but what I can also do is add different types of layers, this is a type layer. So I actually have editable type that I could go in and create and/or edit. And I'm going to drag that up, and also notice on my type layer that there have been added 2 special effects as denoted by the word effects and the 'f' icon on the actual layer itself. If I click the eyeball next to the word effects, it will turn off all of my effects associated with this type layer, and you can see that actually I have 2 effects, that really make my type really pop out a bit more. I've added a drop shadow and I've added a bevel effect. So that's the type without the effect, and now the type with the 2 effects activated. Really helps make that type pop out and separate. Also, I've added something called an adjustment layer right here. And this particular adjustment layer controls the hue and saturation for all layers below it. But in this case, I've actually done something a little bit different. I've added it to what's called a clipping group, so it only affects the layer that controls the clipping group, in this case the cow. And notice what happens if I de-click the eyeball next to this adjustment layer, and you can think of these as special effects layers, that don't actually have pixel data but edit pixel data below it. My cow comes back with its normal color. So this special effects layer controls a hue and saturation change for all the layers underneath it, or in this particular case just this clipping group layer. A little bit more about the effects or the adjustment layers; this is my adjustment layer popup menu on the layers palette. Notice that all these different types of adjustments are the same kind of image adjustments that are available under image menu>adjustment. Levels, curves, hue/saturation and so on and so forth; the big advantage of using an adjustment layer is that you can choose to turn on that effect, on and off, at your whim. And you can also control the intensity of this effect as well as go back and edit the effect. For instance, if I wanted to edit the hue of my cow, all I need to do is double click on the hue/saturation adjustment layer thumbnail icon, and of course now I can go and change the hue to something else. And I've not really affected my image at all because it's on an adjustment layer. And I can choose to use it or not use it or even change any of the parameters that are part of this adjustment layers. So there is a whole lot, 2 layers and they are very powerful. Perhaps the most powerful feature in Photoshop. And layers are your friends. And I encourage you to use them - with the one caveat that layers do take up some memory. So you should have a fair amount of memory available, or the more amount of memory you have available the faster you'll work in Photoshop with layers.
TERMS & CONDITIONS OF USE
BY SUBSCRIBING TO THIS SERVICE, YOU ARE CONSENTING TO BE BOUND BY AND ARE BECOMING A PARTY TO THIS AGREEMENT, THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF WHICH SHALL PREVAIL IN GOVERNING YOUR RIGHTS OF USE. BY CLICKING THE "BECOME A MEMBER" BUTTON, THE INDIVIDUAL OR ENTITY LICENSING THE PRODUCT ("YOU") IS CONSENTING TO BE BOUND BY AND IS BECOMING A PARTY TO THIS AGREEMENT. IF LICENSEE DOES NOT AGREE TO ALL OF THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT, THE BUTTON INDICATING "BECOME A MEMBER" MUST NOT BE SELECTED, AND LICENSEE MUST NOT INSTALL OR USE THE SOFTWARE.
"VTC" refers to Virtual Training Company,
"You" refers to the user or subscriber.
"Software" refers to the VTC training content and software.
2. LICENSE: VTC hereby grants to You a worldwide, non-royalty bearing, non-exclusive license to use the Software according to the provisions contained herein and subject to payment of the applicable subscription fees.
3. RESTRICTIONS: You may not do any of the following:
Save the Software to Your hard disk or other storage
medium; permit others to use the Software except as specified by addendum;
modify, reverse engineer, decompile, or disassemble the Software; make
derivative works based on the Software; publish or otherwise disseminate
the Software. VTC, Inc., VTC Online University, and the Virtual Training
Company site is owned and operated by VTC, Inc. as a corporation of
All materials on this site are the property of VTC unless otherwise specified. No material from these pages may be copied, reproduced, republished, downloaded, uploaded, posted, transmitted, or distributed in any way. Modification of the materials or use of the materials for any other purpose is a violation of U.S. copyright law and other proprietary rights. For purposes of this Agreement, the use of any such material on any other web site or networked computer environment is prohibited.
4. FEES: The rights granted under this Agreement
are effective only upon payment of the subscription fees, which are
strictly non-refundable other than as expressly provided herein. The
term "monthly subscription" is defined as any 30 day period.
The term "yearly subscription" is defined as one 365 day
period. A yearly subscription ends on the same numerical date as it
began (example July 28, 2004 to July 28, 2005).
The VTC Online University is access to every VTC training tutorial in our library. You pay a flat fee for access to these titles. You are billed according to your renewal selection below, and can renew monthly, yearly, or in any other increment offered. If you choose to be billed monthly, you will be billed every 30 days for the subscription until you request the subscription be cancelled. Our terms of service state that you must cancel a monthly subscription at least two business days before your renewal date. These two days give us enough time to ensure that you will not be charged again.
5. LIMITED WARRANTY: VTC warrants that the Software, if operated as directed, will substantially achieve the functionality described. VTC does not warrant, however, that Your use of the Software will be uninterrupted or that the operation of the Software will be error-free or secure. In addition, the security mechanisms implemented by the Software have inherent limitations, and You must determine that the Software sufficiently meets Your requirements. VTC also warrants that the media containing the Software, if provided by VTC, is free from defects in material from the date You acquired the Software. VTC's sole liability for any breach of this warranty shall be, in VTC's sole discretion: (i) to replace Your defective media or Software; or (ii) to advise You how to achieve substantially the same functionality with the Software as described; or (iii) if the above remedies are impracticable, to refund the subscription fee You paid for the Software. Only if You inform VTC of Your problem with the Software during the applicable subscription period will VTC be obligated to honor this warranty. VTC will use reasonable commercial efforts to repair, replace, advise, or refund pursuant to the foregoing warranty within thirty (30) days of being so notified. If any modifications are made to the Software by You during the warranty period; if the medium is subjected to accident, abuse, or improper use; or if You violate the terms of this Agreement, then this warranty shall immediately terminate. This warranty shall not apply if the Software is used on or in conjunction with hardware or software other than the unmodified version of hardware and software with which the Software was designed to be used as described.
THIS IS A LIMITED WARRANTY, AND IT IS THE ONLY WARRANTY MADE BY VTC OR ITS SUPPLIERS. VTC MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND NONINFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTIES' RIGHTS. YOU MAY HAVE OTHER STATUTORY RIGHTS. HOWEVER, TO THE FULL EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, THE DURATION OF STATUTORILY REQUIRED WARRANTIES, IF ANY, SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE ABOVE LIMITED WARRANTY PERIOD. MOREOVER, IN NO EVENT WILL WARRANTIES PROVIDED BY LAW, IF ANY, APPLY UNLESS THEY ARE REQUIRED TO APPLY BY STATUTE NOTWITHSTANDING THEIR EXCLUSION BY CONTRACT. NO DEALER, AGENT, OR EMPLOYEE OF VTC IS AUTHORIZED TO MAKE ANY MODIFICATIONS, EXTENSIONS, OR ADDITIONS TO THIS LIMITED WARRANTY.
6. PROPRIETARY RIGHTS: VTC reserves all proprietary rights in and to the Software, is protected by copyright and other intellectual property laws and by international treaties. VTC, Inc.
Trademark Notice: VTC, Virtual Training Company,
Inc., The VTC Logo, and VTC Online University, are trademarks of VTC,
Inc. All other company and product names may be trademarks of their
The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. Copyright © 1995 - 2005 VTC, Inc. All rights reserved.
7. TERMINATION: This Agreement shall automatically terminate if You fail to comply with the restrictions described herein. Your obligations to pay outstanding subscription fees shall survive any termination of this Agreement.
8. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY: UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES
AND UNDER NO LEGAL THEORY, TORT, CONTRACT, OR OTHERWISE, SHALL VTC
OR ITS SUPPLIERS OR RESELLERS BE LIABLE TO YOU OR ANY OTHER PERSON
FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF
ANY CHARACTER, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF GOODWILL,
WORK STOPPAGE, COMPUTER FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION, OR ANY AND ALL OTHER
COMMERCIAL DAMAGES OR LOSSES. IN NO EVENT WILL VTC BE LIABLE FOR ANY
DAMAGES IN EXCESS OF THE AMOUNT VTC RECEIVED FROM YOU FOR A LICENSE
TO THE SOFTWARE, EVEN IF VTC SHALL HAVE BEEN INFORMED OF THE POSSIBILITY
DAMAGES, OR FOR ANY CLAIM BY ANY OTHER PARTY. THIS LIMITATION OF LIABILITY SHALL NOT APPLY TO LIABILITY FOR DEATH OR PERSONAL INJURY RESULTING FROM VTC'S NEGLIGENCE TO THE EXTENT APPLICABLE LAW PROHIBITS SUCH LIMITATION. SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THIS EXCLUSION AND LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
9. Links To Other Materials: Linked sites found at the VTC site are not under the control of VTC, and we are not responsible for the content of any linked site or any link contained in a linked site. VTC may change links based solely on our discretion, and we reserve the right to terminate any link or linking program at any time. VTC does not, by linking to sites, endorse companies or products to which it links and reserves the right to note as such on its web pages. If you decide to access any of the third party sites linked to this site, you do this entirely at your own risk.
Forums, and Chat are not always screened by VTC, and we are not responsible for the content of any public or open forum content at the site. VTC may change these public forums based solely on our discretion, and we reserve the right to terminate any forum at any time. VTC does not, by allowing these forums, endorse companies or products which may be mentioned in these forums, and reserves the right to note as such on its web pages. If you decide to access any of the public forums in this site, or linked to this site, you do this entirely at your own risk.
9. GOVERNING LAW & DISPUTE RESOLUTION: This Agreement is governed by Virginia law. All disputes between You and VTC shall be finally resolved through arbitration in Winchester, Virginia. This site is controlled by VTC from its offices within the United States of America. VTC makes no representation that materials in the site are appropriate or available for use in other locations, and access to them from territories where their content is illegal is prohibited. Those who choose to access this site from other locations do so on their own initiative and are responsible for compliance with applicable local laws. You may not use or export the Materials in violation of U.S. export laws and regulations. Any claim relating to the Materials shall be governed by the internal substantive laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia, USA.
VTC may revise these Terms at any time by updating this posting. You should visit this page from time to time to review the then-current Terms because they are binding on you. Certain provisions of these Terms may be superseded by expressly designated legal notices or terms located on particular pages at this Site.
If you have any questions regarding this policy,
or your information specifically,
you may email us at:firstname.lastname@example.org.